HEALTH, SAFETY AND HYGIENE POLICY AND PROCEDURES
Our playgroup believes that the health and safety of children is of paramount importance. We promote a healthy lifestyle and a high standard of hygiene and safety in our day to day work with children and adults.
Every day the staff visually check the premises inside and out to ensure it is a safe environment for the children to play in.
We do this by ensuring:
All meals and snacks provided will be nutritious and pay attention to children’s particular dietary requirements and needs.
When cooking with children as an activity, the adults will provide healthy, wholesome food, promoting and extending the children’s understanding of a healthy diet.
All staff involved with food preparation will have a food hygiene certificate.
Children will have the opportunity to play in the fresh air throughout the year, either in the group’s own outside play area or on outings to parks and community play areas.
All measures will be taken to ensure that the activities and equipment are safe and fully supervised by staff both indoors and outside.
In all that the children do at playschool, staff are aware of the safety aspects for children. We do everything possible to limit risk of accident, however there is always the possibility of such an occurrence.
Parents are asked to keep their children at home if they have any infection and to inform the group as to the nature of the infection so that other parents can be alerted, in case their child becomes unwell.
Parents are asked not to bring a child to the group after suffering vomiting or diarrhoea, for at least 48 hours following the last symptoms.
If the children of staff are unwell they may not come into the group, even if this results in staff being absent.
Cuts or open sores, whether on child or adult, will need to be covered up with a plaster dressing or suitable alternative.
Parents should notify staff of any cases of head lice. If a case is notified or discovered, notices will be displayed advising all parents to check their children’s hair.
It would be expected that the child’s parents would administer any prescribed medication.
A full course of antibiotics should be completed before a child returns to the group.
If medication needs to be administered, the medicine should be clearly labelled with the child’s name, dosage, time, and any other instructions. If medicine needs to be stored in a refrigerator it will be placed there.
A medication book will be available, to include name of child, time of medication, date and time, by whom, to include the signature of the person administering the dose and the parent’s/carer’s signature.
The same procedure will need to be followed for a child who is on regular medication.
Children will always be supervised by a responsible member of staff and will be kept out of kitchens or areas where hazardous materials are kept;
Children are monitored as they arrive and leave each session, through the Attendance Register. Children will only leave with a known authorised adult;
A book is available for parents/carers to leave brief messages and relevant information (eg. a different contact telephone number for that day)
Visitors will be recorded on a register;
Safety checks will be carried out on the premises, both indoors and outdoors before and at the end of each session;
Fire extinguishers will be checked annually by the fire inspector and adults will be taught how to use them;
Procedures for fire/evacuation drills will be known by the adults in the group, with a fire drill taking place each term, with a record of date, time, adults and children present;
Fire doors will be kept free of any obstructions;
Windows, sockets, stairs, heaters, potentially dangerous materials and layout of activities and equipment (indoors and outside) will be closely supervised to remove or minimise risks and hazards;
A minimum of two adults will be present at all times to supervise children;
The premises will be a no smoking area prior to and during a session and whilst there are children on the premises;
Equipment and activities available to children will be appropriate for safety, age and stage of development;
At least one member of staff at each session will have current first aid training/ qualification and be familiar with the first aid box and Accident Book and location.
To prevent the spread of infection, adults in the group will ensure that the following good practices and procedures are followed:
- Hands washed after using the toilet;
- Tissues are available and children encouraged to blow and wipe their nose when necessary, with soiled tissues being disposed of hygienically;
- Children encouraged to put their hand in front of their mouth when coughing;
- Individual towels used and washed after each session.
Body fluids – clearing and cleaning:
- Disposable gloves should be to hand at all times e.g. overall pocket, staff resource box;
- Gloves must always be worn when cleaning up or clearing blood, vomit, urine, faeces, with any surfaces being cleaned with bleach, diluted to the manufacturer’s directions. Fabrics contaminated with body fluids should be washed in hot soapy water/washing machine;
- Spare laundered pants and other clothing available together with polythene bags in which to put soiled garments to be taken home;
- All surfaces cleaned daily with an appropriate cleaner.
All staff will follow current legislation when handling food:
- All staff involved with food preparation will have a food hygiene certificate.
- Always wash hands under running water before handling food;
- Not be involved in handling food or preparation if suffering from any infectious/ contagious illness or skin trouble;
- Observe a no smoking rule in the kitchen and elsewhere in the building;
- Never cough or sneeze over food: if this should occur, food should be disposed of;
- Prepare raw and cooked food in different areas using different utensils;
- Wash fresh fruit and vegetables thoroughly before use;
- Use different cleaning cloths in toilet and kitchen areas;
- Keep food refrigerated;
- Ensure waste is disposed of appropriately and out of reach of children;
- Tea towels will be washed between each session;
- All utensils will be kept clean and stored in a cupboard or drawer.
Our risk assessment process includes:
- Checking for hazards and risks indoors and outside, and in our activities and procedures. Our assessment covers adults and children.
- Deciding which areas need attention; and
- Developing an action plan which specifies the action required the timescales for action, the person responsible for the action and any funding required.
The Designated Health & Safety Officer is Sophie Swarbrick.
This policy was reviewed and updated on 10/01/2019.